CC Madhya 20.59

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Śrī Caitanya-caritāmṛta - Madhya-līlā - Chapter 20: Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu Instructs Sanātana Gosvāmī in the Science of the Absolute Truth
Madhya-līlā 20.58 Madhya-līlā 20.58 - Madhya-līlā 20.60 Madhya-līlā 20.60



Compare Versions: CC 1975 with CC 1996
His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada



TEXT 59

viprād dvi-ṣaḍ-guṇa-yutād aravinda-nābha-
pādāravinda-vimukhāt śva-pacaṁ variṣṭham
manye tad-arpita-mano-vacanehitārtha-
prāṇaṁ punāti sa kulaṁ na tu bhūri-mānaḥ


SYNONYMS

viprāt—than a brāhmaṇa; dvi-ṣaṭ-guṇa-yutāt—who is qualified with twelve brahminical qualifications; aravinda-nābha—of Lord Viṣṇu, who has a lotuslike navel; pāda-aravinda—unto the lotus feet; vimukhāt—than a person bereft of devotion; śva-pacam—a caṇḍāla, or a person accustomed to eating dogs; variṣṭham—more glorified; manye—I think; tat-arpita—dedicated unto Him; manaḥ—mind; vacana—words; īhita—activities; artha—wealth; prāṇam—life; punāti—purifies; saḥ—he; kulam—his family; na tu—but not; bhūri-mānaḥ—a brāhmaṇa proud of possessing such qualities.


TRANSLATION

“‘One may be born in a brāhmaṇa family and have all twelve brahminical qualities, but if he is not devoted to the lotus feet of Lord Kṛṣṇa, who has a navel shaped like a lotus, he is not as good as a caṇḍāla who has dedicated his mind, words, activities, wealth and life to the service of the Lord. Simply to take birth in a brāhmaṇa family or to have brahminical qualities is not sufficient. One must become a pure devotee of the Lord. If a śva-paca or caṇḍāla is a devotee, he delivers not only himself but his whole family, whereas a brāhmaṇa who is not a devotee but simply has brahminical qualifications cannot even purify himself, what to speak of his family.’”


PURPORT

This verse is spoken by Prahlāda Mahārāja in Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (SB 7.9.10). A brāhmaṇa is supposed to be qualified with twelve qualities. As stated in the Mahābhārata:

dharmaś ca satyaṁ ca damas tapaś ca
amātsaryaṁ hrīs titikṣānasūyā
yajñaś ca dānaṁ ca dhṛtiḥ śrutaṁ ca
vratāni vai dvādaśa brāhmaṇasya

“A brāhmaṇa must be perfectly religious. He must be truthful, and he must be able to control his senses. He must execute severe austerities, and he must be detached, humble and tolerant. He must not envy anyone, and he must be expert in performing sacrifices and giving whatever he has in charity. He must be fixed in devotional service and expert in the knowledge of the Vedas. These are the twelve qualifications for a brāhmaṇa.” The Bhagavad-gītā (BG 18.42) describes the brahminical qualities in this way:

śamo damas tapaḥ śaucaṁ kṣāntir ārjavam eva ca
jñānaṁ vijñānam āstikyaṁ brahma-karma svabhāva-jam

“Peacefulness, self-control, austerity, purity, tolerance, honesty, knowledge, wisdom and religiousness—these are the natural qualities by which the brāhmaṇas work.” In the Muktāphala-ṭīkā, it is said:

śamo damas tapaḥ śaucaṁ kṣānty-ārjava-viraktayaḥ
jñāna-vijñāna-santoṣāḥ satyāstikye dvi-ṣaḍ guṇāḥ

“Mental equilibrium, sense control, austerity, cleanliness, tolerance, simplicity, detachment, theoretical and practical knowledge, satisfaction, truthfulness and firm faith in the Vedas are the twelve qualities of a brāhmaṇa.”


Madhya-līlā 20.58 Madhya-līlā 20.58 - Madhya-līlā 20.60 Madhya-līlā 20.60