Please note: The synonyms, translation and purport of this verse were composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda
- śrī-bhagavān uvāca
- guṇānām asammiśrāṇāṁ
- pumān yena yathā bhavet
- tan me puruṣa-varyedam
- upadhāraya śaṁsataḥ
śrī-bhagavān uvāca—the Supreme Personality of Godhead said; guṇānām—of the modes of nature; asammiśrāṇām—in their unmixed state; pumān—a person; yena—by which mode; yathā—how; bhavet—he becomes; tat—that; me—by Me; puruṣa-varya—O best among men; idam—this; upadhāraya—please try to understand; śaṁsataḥ—as I speak.
Translation and purport composed by disciples of Śrīla Prabhupāda
The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: O best among men, please listen as I describe to you how the living entity attains a particular nature by association with individual material modes.
The word asammiśra indicates that which is not mixed with anything else. Lord Kṛṣṇa now explains how each of the three material modes (goodness, passion and ignorance), acting separately, causes a conditioned soul to manifest a particular type of existence. The living entity is ultimately transcendental to the modes of nature, being part and parcel of Lord Kṛṣṇa, but in conditioned life he manifests material qualities. This is described in the following verses.