660523 - Lecture BG 03.13-16 - New York
(Redirected from Lecture on BG 3.13-16 -- New York, May 23, 1966)
Prabhupāda: (leads kīrtana) (prema-dhvani). All glories to the assembled devotees. All glories to the assembled devotees. All glories to the assembled devotees. Gaura-Premanandi. Hari Haribol. Thank you very much.
- yajña-śiṣṭāśinaḥ santo
- mucyante sarva-kilbiṣaiḥ
- bhuñjate te tv aghaṁ pāpā
- ye pacanty ātma-kāraṇāt
- (BG 3.13)
This verse we are discussing last meeting, that we should eat after offering sacrifice. Lord Kṛṣṇa says that things which are eatable, we receive by the grace of the Lord, we should acknowledge it. We should not be forgetful, that our eatables which come to us, they can be manufactured by our sweet will. No. The arrangement is so nice in the administration of nature that we shall get all our necessities of life by the grace of God, and our duty is to advance ourself in the right knowledge of our spiritual existence, without unnecessarily engaging ourself for sense gratification. That is the difference between human civilization and animal life.
Beginning of our Bhagavad-gītā lesson is based on that we are spirit consciousness. We are not this body. And the whole function of the human society is to be enlightened in that spiritual consciousness of life instead of wasting time in sense gratification like the animals, who are concerned with eating, sleeping, fearing and mating. That is the whole . . . that is the background of our this discussion, that we are different from the ordinary animals.
So the common factor of animal life and human life is these four principles of bodily demands, namely that we require to eat and we require to sleep, we require some defensive measures for protecting ourself from the enemies and we require some extent of sense gratification. That is the needs of my body. They are not the needs of myself as I am, spirit soul.
Now, if I want to get rid of this bodily encagement, or the threefold miseries of material existence, then I must put myself under treatment. Just like a diseased man goes to a physician for treatment to get out of to . . . get relief from the sufferings of the disease, similarly, our material existence, consisting of threefold miseries and birth, death, old age and diseases, if we are actually conscious for our happiness, we must make a permanent solution of these miseries. That is the mission of human life.
So for making that mission fulfilled, we have got developed consciousness than the animals. That developed consciousness should not be misused only for the animal propensities of life. That is the whole thing. And therefore, Lord Kṛṣṇa says that in order to reach to that stage of perfection, you should work. Your work should not be stopped. We have already discussed this point, that niyataṁ kuru karma tvaṁ karma jyāyo hy akarmaṇaḥ (BG 3.8).
that "Your prescribed duty should be prosecuted nicely. Go on. Don't stop it, but work for the life of karma-yoga. Karma-yoga. Ordinary work is called karma. Ordinary work is karma. And when it is added with yoga, that means spiritualized work. Yoga. Yoga means spiritual perfection, or linking up with the Supreme.
So karma and karma-yoga, there is gulf of difference. Karma means ordinary work. I work whole day; I get some remuneration and enjoy for my sense gratification. That is called karma, in this life or that life or next life. Somebody, they make charities and other pious acts, so that in their next life they get good parentage, good education, opulence, so that they can also enjoy life. There are others also who make more advanced karma to get himself promoted in other planetary system, just like moon planet or Svargaloka, heavenly planet. There are many planets in which the standard of life is far, far comfortable than here.
So these are not required. To get yourself promoted in higher standard of life, from A-class prisoner . . . from C-class prisoner to become A-class prisoner, that is not required. Bhagavad-gītā does not teach us that you improve your life in the respect that you are now C-class prisoner, you become an A-class prisoner. No. You should not remain a prisoner. You should get yourself (out of) this prison life.
This material life is prison life. Just like in prison house we are under forced to undergo some sort of miseries. We may agree or not agree; oh, we have to undergo. In prison life you cannot deny. The state agents are there. He prescribes some work, you must do it. If you say: "No, I cannot do it. I am not accustomed to do it. No." Then you'll be again more punished.
Similarly, this is our prison life. This material existence is our prison life. And prakṛti, nature, is the forceful agent. She is always enforcing us to do, to act. Prakṛteḥ kriyamāṇāni guṇaiḥ karmāṇi sarvaśaḥ (BG 3.27).
So this is going on. Now, if you want to get rid of this imprisonment, then you should begin this karma-yoga, karma plus yoga. Yoga means in connection with the Supreme. That connection with the Supreme begins with this formula, yajña, sacrifice.
What you are going to sacrifice? What you have got? Everything is given by God. Anything which you possess . . . you have not brought anything with your birth. You have come naked from the womb of your mother. And when you shall die, you shall go naked. So whatever you possess, that is given to you for proper use. We should understand that.
The whole resources of material nature, they are under your control for making proper use. You can live comfortably. You can eat comfortably. You can live peacefully without any creating animosities or quarrel with your neighbors, and prosecute your spiritual life so that you get rid of this material existence. That is the whole program of material nature.
But misusing our developed consciousness, we are trying to misuse the resources of material nature in a different way for aggravating the sense gratification. That is the whole mistake. So Kṛṣṇa says that "Whatever mistakes you have done, I don't mind. But you act in this way." Yajñārthe: "You work."
Suppose you have misused your developed consciousness in so many ways, and you are now entrapped. Suppose you have started a very complicated industry. Now, if I say that, "This complicated industry is not required by you. You simply require some fruits and grains to eat. Why you are engaging yourself into this complicated and dangerous form of earning your livelihood? Stop it." No, that is not possible. That is not possible. Now you are en . . . entangled. You cannot stop.
Śrī Kṛṣṇa says that, "Don't stop your work, but by the result of your work, you try to make sacrifice for the cause of the Supreme. Then your entanglement will be automatically loosened." The whole energy which you apply in your industry, if the result is offered to Kṛṣṇa, that means that energy is utilized for Kṛṣṇa—not for that industry, but for Kṛṣṇa. That is the thing.
Just like Arjuna. What was he? He was a military man. He was not a sage. He was not a learned brahmin. He was ordinary, royal family, belonging to a royal family, kingly order, and a householder, family man, having children, wife, and a military man. But what . . .? How Arjuna became the greatest devotee of Lord? The Lord certifies, bhakto 'si priyo 'si me (BG 4.3):
"My dear Arjuna, you are My very dear friend as well as a great devotee." Now, what is the reason? He was not a sannyāsī. He was not a Vedāntist. He was not a philosopher. Nothing of the sort. Still, you will find in the Fourth Chapter, Lord says, "Oh, My dear Arjuna, you are very dear to Me, and you are My great devotee." Now, if a person becomes very dear to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, then what else he wants more?
How he became so? He became by this karma-yoga. Karma-yoga. He was a military man, and the problem was before him, whether to fight with his kinsmen or not. That was his problem. Now, mind that. He was fighting man in the beginning, before hearing the Bhagavad-gītā, and he remained a fighting man after hearing Bhagavad-gītā.
Similarly, suppose you are engaged in some particular type of work before hearing this Bhagavad-gītā. And after hearing, understanding Bhagavad-gītā, you will have to remain in the same position, not that after hearing this Bhagavad-gītā, as you are kindly coming here, you will have to take a dress like me and leave up your family connection and become a mendicant like me. No, no. It is not meant like that. You have to change your mentality. That's all.
What is that mentality? That mentality is that you are working for your sense gratification, and you have to change your mentality for gratifying the sense of the Supreme Lord. That's all. We are working . . . ordinary work means for . . . working for our own sense gratification. "I want to eat this," so I eat. I purchase from the market. "Oh, this is very nice thing, very palatable to my tongue. Oh, purchase it. I shall eat it." Now, when you become conversant with the philosophy of Bhagavad-gītā, you have to think whether this thing is palatable to the tongue of Kṛṣṇa. That's all.
Now you are thinking, "Let me purchase from the store this nice thing. Is very palatable to my taste." And when you actually become a learned scholar of Bhagavad-gītā, at that time you will have to think whether this thing will be palatable to Kṛṣṇa. That's all. The whole thing is there. When you learn that thing, when you want to please Kṛṣṇa not yourself, then you become an expert spiritualist. That's all.
So it is not very difficult thing. Very easy. Simply we have to learn how to . . . to reach that stage of life. You haven't got to change anything. The same thing, example, that Arjuna was a military man, a householder, a family man, before hearing Bhagavad-gītā, and he remained the same family man, the same military man, but he became a great devotee of the Lord. That technique we have to learn.
That technique is that Arjuna, in the beginning, he did not like to fight, because he wanted to gratify his senses. He thought that "I shall be happy if I do not fight with my kinsmen, because in the fighting my kinsmen will die, and I shall be sorry. What is the use of fighting like this?" That means the whole thing, whole program, is according to his own sense gratification. He did not know that this war field, this battle of Kurukṣetra, was organized by Śrī Kṛṣṇa to kill all unwanted men of the world at that time. All unwanted men of that world. That was His plan.
Now, this was disclosed to Arjuna. In the Eleventh Chapter you will find that "My dear Arjuna, I have given you all kinds of instruction to induce you to fight in this battle. But know you perfectly well that either you fight or do not fight, I do not mind. All these men who have assembled here, they are not going back home. They will be killed here. It is already settled. It is already settled. Now if you want to take the credit, you can apply your hands for fighting. That's all."
So anything that is going on in this world, it is under the supreme supervision of the Lord. Mayādhyakṣeṇa prakṛtiḥ sūyate sa-carācaram (BG 9.10).
In every . . . there is a philosopher's saying, "Not a blade of grass moves without the will of God." It is actually the fact. Everything . . . now, we have to dovetail ourself with that plan of the Supreme Lord. That is called karma-yoga. That is called karma-yoga. So Arjuna understood it, and he dovetailed himself with the supreme will of the Lord. And when he was inquired, "Whether you are going or fight or not? What you have settled after hearing Bhagavad-gītā?" he said, "Yes Kṛṣṇa. My illusion is now removed by Your grace, and I have decided to fight." That's all.
Now, that agreement of fighting, and in the beginning of Bhagavad-gītā not to fight, that is the difference. In the beginning he was not in agreement with Kṛṣṇa. He made so many arguments with Kṛṣṇa against fighting. And at the end, he agreed. "Yes," he said. He became a "yes" man. So we have to become a "yes" man to the Supreme Lord. That's all. That is the perfection of our spiritual life.
Now we are all "no" men. God says this, I say "no." Stubborn. I say "no." Now simply we have to say: "yes." That's all. In everything we say "no" at the present. Present formation of our existence is to say "no." Anything godly, we say "no." We shudder even by the name of God. We have come to this . . . we come to a certain stage of our civilized life that we want to banish God altogether. Not only saying "no," but we now prepare to agree to the point that there is no existence of God. So how much foolish we are becoming day by day in the name of advancement of civilization. You see?
So we should correct this. Now, we shall try to understand our position and try to say: "Yes, there is God, and I am servant of God." That's all. You have to learn that thing only. No more we have to say that there is no God. We may say there is no God, (chuckles) but that does not mean that there is no God. You see? Just like a upstart. He says that "I don't believe in the government. There is no government. I am all in all." So that madman say like that, that does not mean that there is no existence of government. He is a madman who says like that. So that sort of, I mean to say, madness, we should give up. We should be submissive. There is God.
The only example—several times I have cited—that existence of God can be perceived with very simple . . . what is that? Just like you can perceive your existence up in this body by the consciousness. You have got consciousness. That point we have discussed several times, that consciousness is the symptom of your existence in this body. So long that consciousness is there, this bodily function is going on very nicely.
Now, you are eating. You do not know how your foodstuff is going to the stomach, how it is being transformed into different kinds of secretion, how it is being transferred from the stomach to the heart, how that secretion becoming red, and that red blood is again circulated from the brain to the toe. These nice machinery work is going on within your body.
This physiological condition is present in your body. You are taking your foodstuff. The necessary juice, vitamins, are taken by the stomach. It is distributed, and the exhaustion of your body is supplemented, and the unnecessary things evacuated by stool, urine. The nice thing is going on.
Now, as soon as this consciousness is stopped, will this function go any more? No. You will find the same brain is there; the same heart is there; the same stomach is there by dissection of the body. You will see the same veins. Everything is there complete. But only thing is wanting—that consciousness. Therefore everything is stopped. This is a common factor. Everyone can know it.
Similarly, the whole cosmic manifestation which is present before you, so nicely going on, don't you think there is a consciousness behind it? How can you deny, that there is no consciousness in the matter of sun rising, moon rising, seasonal changes, and so many planets floating in the air? So many wonderful things are being done in the material nature. Do you think it is without being done, consciousness? No. There is also consciousness.
Just like for the management of your own body, due to the consciousness everything is being well done, similarly, everything that you see very nicely well done in the material nature, that is also being done by superior consciousness. This is human reasoning. How can you deny it? Can you deny it? I don't think any sane man can deny it.
Similarly, as your consciousness is a symptom of your presence, you are spirit soul, similarly, the supreme consciousness is the symptom of the supreme soul, or God, the supreme God. This is the position. Now, as consciousness, we are part and parcel of the supreme consciousness. Therefore, the whole business of our life is to dovetail our activities with the supreme plan. That is called karma-yoga. That is called karma-yoga.
Eko bahu syāma. In the Vedic literature you will find that God has expanded Himself into many, just like the father expands himself into many children. The children is nothing but expansions of the body of the father. Similarly we, all living entities, spiritual parts or living souls, we are also expansion of the supreme spirit. Now, the reason is, why the supreme spirit soul expanded Himself into so many? What is the purpose? We have to understand. Now, you can take the example. What is the purpose of father's expanding himself into children? A father takes the responsibility of maintaining the children. Why? Why he takes such, I mean, a grave responsibility, a family man? That "why" is answered—just to have happy and enjoyable life. That's all.
Similarly, God has expanded into so many living entities because He wants enjoyment. He wants enjoyment. Because you will find in the Vedic literature that the nature of God is sac-cid-ānanda-vigraha (Bs 5.1). Ānandamayo 'bhyāsāt (Vedānta-sūtra 1.1.12):
"By nature He is enjoying." So we must understand that that God has expanded Himself into so many living entities just for His enjoyment. Now, we are meant for . . . just like father is a men . . . yes, sons, children are meant for satisfying the father, similarly this is a commonsense affair, that we living entities, we are meant for satisfying the Supreme. That satisfaction of the Supreme can be done by performance of yajña. That is the beginning.So here it is prescribed that yajñārthāt karmaṇaḥ anyatra (BG 3.9). That is . . . we have discussed. Yajña-śiṣṭāśinaḥ santo mucyante sarva-kilbiṣaiḥ (BG 3.13).
If we perform sacrifice for the satisfaction of the Supreme, then the result will be that we shall be free from all reaction of our sinful life. And if we do not do that, bhuñjate te tv aghaṁ pāpā ye pacanty ātma-kāraṇāt. Ātma-kāraṇāt means simply for his own sense gratification.
Now, that yajña, I have several times before you I have explained. That Aśnāti. Aśnāti means one who eats. So our yajña begins from the eating, because eating is the first item of the necessity of our life. Eating, sleeping, fearing and mating. Now, eating is essential. So here in the Bhagavad-gītā openly speaks that just control your eating process in the yajña. Just begin your karma-yoga from the eating formula. Then, gradually, other things will develop.
Because our senses . . . there are so many senses. We have got the eyes, the ear, the nose, the tongue, the hand, the leg and so many. We have got ten, ten senses, sensory organs, and working organs. So these organs there are. Out of all the organs, the tongue is the most uncontrollable organ. Tongue. When we eat . . . perhaps those devotees who eat with us, we chant this, that śarīra abidyā-jāl joḍendriya tāhe kāl.
"This body is the encagement of our nescience, of our ignorance. And in that body the senses are our greatest enemies. Out of that, the tongue is the most powerful enemy." Tā'ra madhye jihwā ati lobhamoy sudurmati. Lobhamoy sudurmati. Because tongue is always hankering after palatable things, and it is making me bound up in so many reactions of my life. That is the secret.
Therefore, in the Bhagavad-gītā, in the beginning, the karma-yoga begins with the tongue. Yajña-śiṣṭāśinaḥ santaḥ. We have to eat. Now, we have to control the tongue first. How we can control the tongue? By offering sacrifice. By offering, we have to take foodstuff for maintaining our body. Now, if we offer the foodstuff, preparing to the Lord, that is called yajña.
Yajña is not very difficult thing. You are preparing foodstuff for eating at your home. You have simply to prepare that foodstuff in a nice way, so that you can offer to Kṛṣṇa. That's all. Your process of eating or your process of securing ingredients for eating, or your cooking, nothing is stopped. Only, only thing is required that instead of cooking for yourself for the satisfaction of your tongue, you please cook it for satisfaction of Kṛṣṇa and take the prasādam afterwards.
Now, take for example the other day we had some feasting. We cooked it nicely and offered Kṛṣṇa, and then you took. What was the difficulty there? Was there any difficulty? So many gentlemen you are present here who partook of that prasādam. How nicely it was prepared, and how we enjoyed. So is yajña a very difficult thing? So it is not at all difficult. Simply we have to adopt the principles. That's all.
And if we adopt that principle . . . here it is clearly said that yajña-śiṣṭāśinaḥ santaḥ. Santa means these things are arranged by pious men and devotees of the Lord. Ordinary men, they don't care: "What is this nonsense yajña? Let us go to the hotel and take to our palatable things." You see? That is another thing. But those who are serious about solving the problems of life, let them take to this yajña principle. Is it very difficult? Not at all. It is rather pleasurable.
What do you think, Mr. Green? You were also present that day. Did you not like?
Mr. Green: Oh, yes.
Prabhupāda: So yajña is not difficult. Now, if by doing that yajña, if we become free from all reactions, then why should we not do it? Why should we not do it? There is no difficulty. There is no question of difficulty. Rather, it is a thing of pleasure, ānanda. The whole thing is ānanda. Ānanda means pleasure, enjoyment.
Spiritual life does not mean that void of enjoyment. No. It is full of enjoyment. We are seeking after enjoyment, but that enjoyment is hampered by our material existence. We do not know. We are trying to squeezing out the senses and trying to have material pleasure. This is nonsense. Because we do not know what is spiritual life. Spiritual life means unlimited, unlimited pleasure.
There is a verse describing about Rāma. Hare Rāma, Hare Rāma, Rāma Rāma, Hare Hare, we chant. Now, what is the meaning of Rāma? That is described.
- ramante yogino 'nante
- satyānande cid-ātmani
- iti rāma-padenāsau
- paraṁ brahmābhidhīyate
- (CC Madhya 9.29)
Rāma means ramaṇa. Ramaṇa means enjoyment. Yoginaḥ. Now, mind that, karma-yogī. Those who are yogī, those who are trying to get spiritual life, regain their spiritual vitality, they are called yogī. There are different kinds of yogī: karma-yogī, jñāna-yogī, dhyāna-yogī, rāja-yogī. The highest of all of them is the bhakti-yogī, or the bhakta.
- yoginām api sarveṣāṁ
- śraddhāvān bhajate yo māṁ
- sa me yuktatamo mataḥ
- (BG 6.47)
You will find it. The highest yogī is he who is only Kṛṣṇa conscious. Simply his life is full of Kṛṣṇa consciousness. He is always trying to satisfy Kṛṣṇa. That's all. And to satisfy Kṛṣṇa is the easiest thing—is the easiest thing of all yogic process. You haven't got to show your gymnastic power. No. Simply prepare your good foodstuff, offer to Kṛṣṇa, chant Hare Kṛṣṇa and enjoy life. Yoginām api sarveṣām. He is the best yogī. Best yogī. That is . . . you will find it.
So begin it. What is the difficulty there? So far the techniques are required, we we are present. The books are there. The literature are there. The authorities are there. Simply we have to agree, "Yes." "Yes" man. Simply you have to agree, "Yes, henceforward we shall become karma-yogī." Then, from that very point, your life begins. Karma-yoga. The "yes" man.
Mind that, that instead of saying no to Kṛṣṇa . . . just like Arjuna said no in the beginning, "No, Sir. I am not going to fight. You don't try to induce me, my dear Kṛṣṇa." He argued so many things with Kṛṣṇa. Then, at the last moment, he said, "Yes. I shall fight." So from "no" man to "yes" man, that's all. So we have to agree. We are now "no" men. We say everything about God, "no." Now we have to learn "yes."
So you become "yes" man and begin this karma-yoga, beginning from your life of eating, because eating you require. Without eating, you cannot exist. Therefore, Bhagavad-gītā teaches you that you begin your karma-yoga from the point of eating.
- yajña-śiṣṭāśinaḥ santo
- mucyante sarva-kilbiṣaiḥ
- bhuñjate te tv aghaṁ pāpā
- ye pacanty ātma-kāraṇāt
- (BG 3.13)
Now, people may say: "Why shall we bother myself about this yajña principle?" No. You have to bother yourself in the yajña principle if you actually want to be happy. The next śloka explains like this:
- annād bhavanti bhūtāni
- parjanyād anna-sambhavaḥ
- yajñād bhavati parjanyo
- yajñaḥ karma-samudbhavaḥ
- (BG 3.14)
That . . . now, why you should have to perform yajña? That is obligatory. Not that you are very kind to prepare your foodstuff and offering to Kṛṣṇa, it is very kind. No. It is for your interest. It is for your interest. Why? Na, annād bhavanti bhūtāni. You have to eat. Can you say that "Without eating, I shall continue my life"? No. That is not possible. You have to eat.
Annād bhavanti bhūtāni. If you want to exist, if you want to maintain your body and soul together, then you have to take anna. Anna means foodstuff, or anna means grains, natural food. Generally, anna means foodstuff, and another technical meaning of anna—anna means grains, which is produced from the land for eating of the human being.
There . . . for human being, so many things are produced from the land: the grains, the fruits, the vegetable, so many things. They are meant for human being. The grains are not meant for the tigers. The grains are meant for the human being. The fruits are (not) meant for the dogs. The fruits are meant for the human being. The milk, the milk is produced by the cow, but it is not meant for the cow—it is meant for the human being. If you offer the milk, 30 pounds of milk, after milking the cow, and if you offer to the cow, it will refuse. It will refuse, "I don't want it." Give it dry grass? Oh, it will be very glad. It will be very glad. So everything is organized by the nature.
Now, there are so many scientist; they are discovering vitamin value from foodstuff. Now, what is the vitamin value in the dry grass? Can any scientist say that this is the vitamin value in dry grass? If there is no vitamin value in dry grass, how the cow is producing so much milk, who is full of vitamins A and D? How, from dry grass, vitamins coming out?
Nowadays the physician prescribes some artificial vitamins for maintaining your body. Now, what is the vitamin there in the dry grass so that the cow is eating dry grass and giving you nice milk full of vitamins A and D, essential for your life? So these are all wrong theories, that "This contains this vitamin. This contains this . . ." Let them go on. But natural foodstuff which is meant for human being, they are full of vitamins already there by the nature's law, by God's wish. So annād bhavanti bhūtāni (BG 3.14).
You will be surprised. In . . . when I was family man, I had a servant who was only twenty-two years old. Oh, he was too stout and strong. You see? So one day I asked him that . . . his name was Buddhu. So I asked him, "Buddhu, what do you take that you are very stout and strong?" He said, "My dear sir, I take only these corns." Corns. You know corns? A corns, and it is powdered. The powdered portions used to make bread, and the grain portion he used to cook as rice, and he was taking that. That's all.
Mr. Green: Cornmeal?
Devotees: Meal. Cornmeal.
Prabhupāda: Cornmeal, yes. And he was very stout and strong. He was deriving all the vitamins. Because he was poor man, he could not eat any butter or milk or any other things, meat also no, nothing of the sort. He was simply eating . . . he was drawing, at that time, only twenty-two rupees from me. Twenty-two rupees means . . . according to your American exchange, is comes to five dollars—five dollars a month, his income. And what he could spend? So he was taking the cheap food. But he was very strong and stout.
The whole idea is that these grains, these grains are meant for human being. Coarse grain or fine grain, there are so many varieties of grain, varieties of rice, varieties of dāl, according . . . now, the fine rice, the basmati rice . . . the laborer class—in India, of course, we have got this distinction—they are not satisfied for, with this white rice. They want coarse grain for satisfaction. While gentleman class, they cannot eat coarse grain. They want finer grain. So all these varieties of grains and vegetables and everything is there by nature's arrangement, by God's arrangement.
Here it is said, annād bhavanti bhūtāni. Now, your body depends on the foodstuff supplied by nature. Annād bhavanti bhūtāni parjanyād anna-sambhavaḥ. And these grains are produced by rains, parjanya. Parjanya means regular rainfall from the sky by the arrangement of God. It is not your arrangement. Rainfall is not your arrangement. It is supernatural arrangement. If there is regular rainfall, then it can produce all the necessities of our life.
I think, Carl, you were reading from the Bhagavad-gītā about Mahārāja Yudhiṣṭhira's reign, during his kingdom how rainfall was regular, and the necessities of human being were being produced. So here is the same thing. Annād. Anna, the grains . . . grains are our life's subsistence, human being. Annād bhavanti bhūtāni. And grains are produced by regular rainfall. Parjanyād anna-sambhavaḥ. Parjanya means rainfall. And yajñād bhavati parjanyaḥ: "And rainfall is produced when you offer yajña, sacrifice, to the Lord."
Regular rainfall will be possible when people are engaged in the yajña. Otherwise, nature will control rainfall. For want of rain, all your arrangement—mechanical arrangement, tractors and all these things—will all fail if there is rainfall . . . if there is no rainfall. So control of the rainfall is not in your hand; it is in supernatural power. So here it is said that rainfall is made possible by offering yajña, by sacrifice. Parjanyāt . . . or yajñād bhavati parjanyo yajñaḥ karma-samudbhavaḥ: "And yajña is prescribed according to the Vedic rituals."
Now, just see the link. Living entities, they can develop by eating grains. Grains are produced by rainfall. Rainfall is made possible by offering sacrifice. And the process of sacrifice is given in authoritative scriptures like Bhagavad-gītā, Bhāgavata and Vedic literature, what is the process. So because the beginning is from the Brahman—Brahman means Veda, transcendental sound—therefore, if we work according to the direction of this Bhagavad-gītā or Veda, then the whole thing becomes, I mean to . . . spiritualized. Whole thing becomes spiritualized. Because . . . karma-yajña . . . yajñaḥ karma-samudbhavaḥ. Karma.
And if your karma is regulated by the direction of Kṛṣṇa, just like Arjuna regulated his karma, his warfare, by the direction of Kṛṣṇa, then by regulation of karma you perform yajña, sacrifice, and from, for your performance of yajña, sacrifice, there is regulative rainfall, and from regulative rainfall there is sufficient production of grains and foodstuff, and from your sufficient foodstuff you can grow yourself, body, maintain your body very nicely. The whole program is like that. Annād bhavanti.
- annād bhavanti bhūtāni
- parjanyād anna-sambhavaḥ
- yajñād bhavati parjanyo
- yajñaḥ karma-samudbhavaḥ
- (BG 3.14)
Karma brahmodbhavaṁ viddhi. And the nature of our karma, how we should work, that is directed. That is directed in Vedic literature, just like Bhagavad-gītā, just like Arjuna was directed. Now:
- karma brahmodbhavaṁ viddhi
- tasmāt sarva-gataṁ brahma
- nityaṁ yajñe pratiṣṭhitam
- (BG 3.15)
"Therefore, My dear Arjuna, if you begin your life by performance of yajña, then that means at once your life becomes spiritualized. At once your life becomes spiritualized, that what you want."
- evaṁ pravartitaṁ cakraṁ
- nānuvartayatīha yaḥ
- aghāyur indriyārāmo
- moghaṁ pārtha sa jīvati
- (BG 3.16)
Now, here is injunction that "That is the circle." That is the circle, that how to work. That injunction is there. Now, why your . . . or this work? Any work. Suppose you will drive a motorcar. That is a sort of work in the street. There is injunction that "You should drive on the right. You should stop your car when there is red light. You should not proceed an inch." So, so many regulation, even for your driving car. Anything. Anything of your life you want to do, there are directions, proper directions from the authorities. And why not for your spiritual life? Why not for . . .?
For spiritual life you can do anything and everything, what you like, what you manufacture in your own brain? No. How can you do it? In every field of your work in practical life, you have got some direction that, "You have to act in this direction." Suppose you are working, running on a factory. Oh, there are so many factory laws. Anywhere you go, there are direction from the superior authorities.
So is there no direction for your spiritual realization of life? Yes, there is. We have to abide by that. Therefore Lord says, evaṁ pravartitaṁ cakram: "This is a circle, circle, that in Vedic literature, Vedic scripture, they give you direction how to work." And by working you perform yajña. By performing yajña, you have got regular rainfalls. By regular rainfalls, you get production of grains. And by production of grains, you eat and live happily. So this is a circle. This is a circle. So Lord says, Lord Kṛṣṇa says, evaṁ pravartitaṁ cakram. Cakram means circle. This is a circle.
Nānuvartayatīha yaḥ: "One who does not follow this circle of activity," aghāyuḥ, "he is simply spoiling his life. He is is simply . . ." Aghāyuḥ. Aghāyuḥ means "His duration of life, his duration of very valuable human form of life, he is simply wasting." Why? Indriyārāmaḥ: "Simply for sense gratification like the cats and dogs and hogs." Aghāyur indriyārāmo moghaṁ pārtha sa jīvati: "His life is now doomed. His life is now doomed."
So this is the injunction of Lord Kṛṣṇa. Evaṁ pravartitaṁ cakraṁ nānuvartayatīha yaḥ: "Anyone who does not follow this circle of activities, then it is to be understood that he is spoiling his valuable human life, and his life is doomed."
Hare Kṛṣṇa. Now if there is any question, you can ask. (end)