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CC Madhya 20.184

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His Divine Grace
A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

TEXT 184

tad-ekātma-rūpe ‘vilāsa’, ‘svāṁśa’—dui bheda
vilāsa, svāṁśera bhede vividha vibheda


tat-ekātma-rūpe — in the form of tad-ekātma; vilāsa — pastime; svāṁśa — personal expansion; dui bheda — two divisions; vilāsa — of the pastime expansion; svāṁśera — of the personal expansion; bhede — by differences; vividha — various; vibheda — distinctions.


“In the tad-ekātma-rūpa there are pastime expansions [vilāsa] and personal expansions [svāṁśa]. Consequently there are two divisions. According to pastime and personal expansion, there are various differences.


The Lord’s vilāsa expansions are described in the following verse from the Laghu-bhāgavatāmṛta (1.15):

svarūpam anyākāraṁ yat tasya bhāti vilāsataḥ
prāyeṇātma-samaṁ śaktyā sa vilāso nigadyate

“When the Lord displays numerous forms with different features by His inconceivable potency, such forms are called vilāsa-vigrahas.”

The Lord’s svāṁśa expansions are also described in the Laghu-bhāgavatāmṛta (1.17):

tādṛśo nyūna-śaktiṁ yo vyanakti svāṁśa īritaḥ
saṅkarṣaṇādir matsyādir yathā tat-tat-svadhāmasu

When a form of Kṛṣṇa is nondifferent from the original form but is less important and exhibits less potency, it is called svāṁśa. Examples of svāṁśa expansions can be found in the quadruple forms of the Lord residing in Their respective places, beginning with Saṅkarṣaṇa, Vāsudeva, Pradyumna and Aniruddha, and also in the puruṣa-avatāras, līlā-avatāras, manvantara-avatāras and yuga-avatāras.